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Baicalin-Aluminum Modulates the Broiler Gut Microbiome
DNA and Cell Biology  (IF3.311),  Pub Date : 2021-07-15, DOI: 10.1089/dna.2021.0080
Ling Guo, Jing He, Jiacheng Zhang, Xiaofang Zhang, Dan Zhang, Linglu Zhou, Yuzhen Yuan, Shulin Fu, Yinsheng Qiu, Chun Ye, Yu Liu, Zhongyuan Wu, Chien-An Andy Hu

Baicalin-aluminum regulates the gut microbiome of piglets with diarrhea. However, whether it affects poultry gut microbiome composition and function remains unknown. In this study, we used metagenomic sequencing to explore the effects of baicalin-aluminum on gut microbiome changes in poultry when compared with animals administered colistin sulfate. Our data showed that important gut microbiome components consisted of Ruminococcaceae, Subdoligranulum, Bifidobacterium, Bifidobacterium pseudolongum, and Pseudoflavonifractor when broilers were administered baicalin-aluminum compared with colistin. At the species level, Lactobacillus salivarius, Bacteroides uniformis, Oscillibacter unclassified, Bacteroides fragilis, Ruminococcus torques, and Subdoligranulum unclassified abundance were significantly upregulated upon baicalin-aluminum treatment when compared with colistin administration. In addition, Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis indicated that functional differentially expressed genes, which were in the top 30 GO enrichment terms, were associated with metabolic processes, catalytic activity, and cellular processes. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis demonstrated that ABC transporters, oxidative phosphorylation, and phosphotransferase systems were the dominant signaling pathways in the baicalin-aluminum group when compared with the colistin group. Taken together, our data indicated that baicalin-aluminum modified broiler gut microbiome composition. These observations enhance our physiological insights of baicalin-aluminum-mediated functions in the broiler microbiome and potentially provide a novel therapy to manage both animal and human health.