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Overview of recent progress on steady state operation of all-metal plasma facing wall device QUEST
Nuclear Materials and Energy  (IF2.32),  Pub Date : 2021-05-01, DOI: 10.1016/j.nme.2021.101013
K. Hanada, N. Yoshida, M. Hasegawa, M. Oya, Y. Oya, I. Takagi, A. Hatayama, T. Shikama, H. Idei, Y. Nagashima, R. Ikezoe, T. Onchi, K. Kuroda, S. Kawasaki, A. Higashijima, T. Nagata, S. Shimabukuro, K. Nakamura, J. Qian

QUEST (Q-shu university experiment with steady state spherical tokamak) is a midsize spherical tokamak capable of steady-state operation, comprising all-metal plasma-facing walls and a hot wall (HW) to address issues pertaining to fuel particle balance. The HW was installed summer 2014. Quantitative analysis pertaining to the HW at 373K is carried out, and clarify the quantitative impact of shot history that obviously appears in wall stored hydrogen just before the discharge at the wall temperature. The model indicates the plasma-induced deposition layer play an essential role in fuel particle balance. A clear temperature dependence of fuel recycling was observed using outgassing just after plasma termination and played an essential role in regulation of particle balance. Consequently, long duration discharges lasting more than 1h has been obtained at wall temperature, TW < 423K in the range of 40-60kW of RF power and, similarly, a 6 h discharge could be achieved at TW=473K using 20 kW of injected RF power.