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Single-well production history matching and geostatistical modeling as proxy to multi-well reservoir simulation for evaluating dynamic reservoir properties of coal seams
International Journal of Coal Geology  (IF6.806),  Pub Date : 2021-04-29, DOI: 10.1016/j.coal.2021.103766
C. Özgen Karacan

Reservoir properties of coal seams such as gas and water effective permeabilities and gas content, as well as spatial distributions thereof, affect the success of gas production and CO2-enhanced gas recovery (EGR) with simultaneous CO2 sequestration. These properties change during production and injection operations due to variations in reservoir pressure, matrix shrinkage/swelling, and water saturation and are therefore referred to as dynamic properties. Predicting distribution of such important reservoir properties and how they evolve during production, or injection, at unsampled locations can be particularly important for field development and project economics.

In this work, dynamic properties of Black Creek coal seam of Black Warrior Basin, Alabama were mapped using pointwise results from single-well production history matching of 45 wells and classical geostatistics. It is explored if this approach can be a proxy, with its limitations, to multi-well reservoir simulation. For this purpose, a reservoir model was built using available reservoir, well and production data to compare its results with those of the geostatistical maps for the same properties. Despite the expected local discrepancies due to differences between the two approaches, the results showed similar patterns and global distributions. Specific results showed that despite long-time operation of the wells in this area, there were still areas with high gas content and low gas effective permeability within the modeled time interval that might have benefited from further development using additional wells.