The resection margin (RM) status and microscopic vascular invasion (MVI) are known prognostic factors for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). An enhanced understanding of their impact on long-term prognosis is required to improve oncological outcomes.
A total of 711 consecutive patients who underwent curative liver resection for hepatitis B virus–related ICC were retrospectively analyzed. The different impact of the RM status (narrow, <1 cm, or wide, ≥1 cm) and MVI (positive, +, or negative, -) on overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analyzed.
The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 67.6%, 42.5%, and 33.2% in wide RM & MVI (-), 58.0%, 36.1%, and 26.5% in narrow RM & MVI (-), 51.0%, 27.0%, and 24.3% in wide RM & MVI (+), and 39.0%, 20.4% and 14.3% in narrow RM & MVI (+) (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that RM & MVI were independent risk factors for the OS and RFS.
Combined analysis of RM and MVI can better stratify the risks of postoperative death and recurrence in patients with HBV-related ICC, which may help subsequent adjuvant therapy and closer follow-up.