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Traumatic Microbleeds in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Are Not Associated with Delayed Return to Work or Persisting Post-Concussion Symptoms
Journal of Neurotrauma  (IF5.269),  Pub Date : 2021-08-13, DOI: 10.1089/neu.2021.0055
Antti Huovinen, Ivan Marinkovic, Harri Isokuortti, Antti Korvenoja, Kaisa Mäki, Taina Nybo, Rahul Raj, Susanna Melkas

The main objective of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate whether traumatic microbleeds (TMBs) are a significant prognostic factor of return to work (RTW), post-traumatic symptoms, and overall recovery in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). One hundred and thirteen patients with mTBI were recruited from the Helsinki University Hospital emergency units. All patients underwent multi-contrast 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 3–17 days after mTBI. Patients were evaluated in the Traumatic Brain Injury Outpatient Clinic of Helsinki University Hospital 1 month after injury. Post-concussion symptoms were assessed with the Post-Concussion Symptom Questionnaire (RPQ) and overall recovery was assessed with the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended (GOS-E). Their time to RTW was continuously measured up to 1 year after TBI. Median RTW was 9 days (interquartile range [IQR] 4–30) after mTBI and full RTW rate after 1 year was 98%. Patients with TMBs (n = 22) did not have more post-concussion symptoms (median RPQ 10.0 vs. 7.0, p = 0.217) or worse overall recovery (58% vs. 56% with GOS-E = 8, p = 0.853) than patients without TMBs (n = 91). There was no significant difference in time to RTW (13.5 vs. 7.0 days, p = 0.063). In this study, patients with TMBs did not have delayed RTW or more post-concussion symptoms than other patients with mTBI. TMBs in mTBI do not seem to be a significant prognostic factor of RTW.