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Effect of iron on the composition and structure of corrosion product film formed in 70/30 copper-nickel alloy
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials  (IF1.117),  Pub Date : 2021-04-09, DOI: 10.1108/acmm-01-2021-2422
Yanbo Zhu, Xiaohong Chen, Ping Liu, Shaoli Fu, Honglei Zhou, Jiayan Wu

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the effect of changes in iron content in 70/30 copper–nickel alloy on the corrosion process.

Design/methodology/approach

70Copper–30Nickel-xFe-1Mn (x = 0.4,0.6,0.8,1.0 Wt.%) alloy were prepared by the high frequency induction melting furnace. The scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to analyze the morphology and component of the corrosion product film.

Findings

The results show that the corrosion resistance of 70/30 copper–nickel alloy added with 1.0%Fe is the best, and the film is divided into inner dense Cu2O composite film and outer hydration loose layer; XRD showed that after adding 1.0% Fe, the content of Cu2(OH)3Cl in the corrosion product film was significantly reduced, while the content of Cu2O remained unchanged; XPS showed that nickel accumulates in the inner layer of corrosion product film; the stage growth mode of the film, the role of nickel in it and the enrichment mechanism of iron in the inner film were summarized and discussed.

Originality/value

The changes in the composition and structure of the corrosion product film caused by the iron content are revealed, and the mechanism of the difference in corrosion resistance is discussed.