Background: Cancer has become the second leading cause of death worldwide. Despite of the availability of significant number of anticancer agents, cancer is still incurable especially at the last stages. Remarkable targets for anticancer research and drug discovery are heterocyclic compounds, and among them, superior effect has been shown by the nitrogen containing compounds than non-nitrogen containing compounds. Nicotinic acid, a nitrogen containing moiety and its derivatives have gained an immense importance in the development of anticancer drugs owing to the wide variety of biological properties displayed by them.
Objective: The objective of this review is to provide researchers the information about various synthetic approaches used for the synthesis of anticancer drugs of nicotinic acid from 2001 onwards and to reveal their application and importance in the treatment of this dreadful disease.
Conclusion: As indicated by this review, considerable work has been done in terms of synthesis and investigation of anticancer potential of nicotinamide derivatives. The information provided in this article may be of great value for the researchers seeking to develop efficient anticancer drugs.