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Dihydroxyeicosatrienoic Acid, a Metabolite of Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids Upregulates Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression Through Transcription: Mechanism of Vascular Endothelial Function Protection
Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics  (IF2.194),  Pub Date : 2021-04-03, DOI: 10.1007/s12013-021-00978-x
Deyu Zuo, Qiangzhong Pi, Yunmin Shi, Suxin Luo, Yong Xia

The present study aimed to investigate the impacts and underlying mechanisms of 14,15-DHETs on eNOS and vascular endothelial functions. Bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) were treated with various concentrations of 14, 15-DHET. The expressions of eNOS protein and mRNA were observed at different time points. The eNOS expression and phosphorylation were subsequently detected administered with 8,9-DHET, 11,12-DHET, and 14,15-DHET, respectively. Meanwhile, 14,15-DHET action on tube formation was observed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Finally, the aorta of male C57BL/6 mice was injected with 14,15-DHET via the tail vein. The impacts of 14,15-DHET (0.4 mg/kg body weight) on the expressions of eNOS protein and mRNA and endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) were detected following 24 h. The expression of eNOS was greatly improved with the 14,15-DHET treatment compared with the BAECs, and eNOS phosphorylation sites at Ser1179, Ser635, and Thr497 were elevated. However, no statistically significant difference was revealed on total eNOS among the 8,9-DHET, 11,12-DHET, and 14,15-DHET treatment groups. Based on the upregulation of eNOS protein, eNOS mRNA levels were increased in BAECs and thoracic aorta of the male C57BL/6 mice treated with 14,15-DHET, suggesting that transcriptional activation was achieved in vascular eNOS. Moreover, 14,15-DHET enhanced tube formation abilities in HUVECs and acetylcholine(ACh)-induced EDV. These findings indicated that 14,15-DHET could improve the vascular endothelial diastolic functions of male C57BL/6 mice, and enhance the ability of tube formation, which might be related to the increase of eNOS expression.