Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Removal of Trace Metal Impurities from Pretreated Phosphoric Acid by Foam Fractionation Journal of Surfactants and Detergents (IF1.902), Pub Date : 2021-03-18, DOI: 10.1002/jsde.12493 Marzieh Bakhshi, Hamid Reza Mortaheb, Mohammad Hassan Amini
Demands for phosphoric acid are growing rapidly in various industries. This has highlighted the importance of optimizing its production and purification methods. Phosphoric acid can be produced by a wet process. However, due to the presence of many organic and inorganic impurities in the wet product, purification of the resulting product is a major concern in this industry. Removal of trace metal impurities (such as magnesium, cadmium, chromium, zinc, etc.) from produced phosphoric acid in a wet process was investigated by foam fractionation in a semi-batch setup using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as the surfactant. Effects of inlet air velocity, surfactant concentration, and surfactant selectivity were investigated. The optimum air velocity and surfactant concentration were obtained as 0.020 cm/min and 0.7 g/L, respectively. At the optimum condition, the total removal efficiency and enrichment factor reached were 70.2% and 4.39, respectively, while the acid loss was 8.3%. The total metal removal efficiency was increased to 95.3% in a two-stage experimental run.