Podosphaera xanthii is the main causal agent of powdery mildew in cucurbits and, arguably, the most important fungal pathogen of cucurbit crops. Here, we present the first reference genome assembly for P. xanthii. We performed a hybrid genome assembly, using reads from Illumina NextSeq550 and PacBio Sequel S3. The short and long reads were assembled into 1,727 scaffolds with an N50 size of 163,173 bp, resulting in a 142-Mb genome size. The combination of homology-based and ab initio predictions allowed the prediction of 14,911 complete genes. Repetitive sequences comprised 76.2% of the genome. Our P. xanthii genome assembly improves considerably the molecular resources for research on P. xanthii−cucurbit interactions and provides new opportunities for further genomics, transcriptomics, and evolutionary studies in powdery mildew fungi.
Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.