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A comparative morphological study of titanium dioxide surface layer dental implants
Open Chemistry  (IF1.554),  Pub Date : 2021-01-01, DOI: 10.1515/chem-2021-0197
Dragos Vladimir Budei, Danut-Ionel Vaireanu, Petronela Prepelita, Gianina Popescu-Pelin, Mihaela Mincu, Ioana-Alina Ciobotaru

Most dental implants used in dental practices are made of titanium or titanium alloys so that the essential differences promoted by the various manufacturers are at the level of their surface; through specific surface treatments, the aim is to obtain improved results regarding osseointegration. This study attempts to identify the differences between a series of used brands of dental implants by analyzing the chemical composition and the morphology of their surface and is particularly significant for the potential users as it highlights the manner of performances of the aforementioned implants, providing them with a tool in choosing the proper dental implant to suit their needs. It was found that, as the technology evolved and the costs were reduced, there is a net preference for using pure titanium or its alloys in the manufacture of dental implants versus the stainless steel titanium alloys, considered now a thing of the past.