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Effect of COVID-19–Related Lockdown on Intimate Partner Violence in India: An Online Survey-Based Study
Violence and Gender  (IF),  Pub Date : 2021-08-25, DOI: 10.1089/vio.2020.0050
Arghya Pal, Rohit Gondwal, Sayanti Paul, Richarani Bohra, Arvinder Pal Singh Aulakh, Ashwani Bhat

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is any behavior that involves intentional use of physical, emotional, and sexual force between two persons in intimate relationship. Although under-reported, it can wreck the lives of the sufferers. This study examined the effect of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)–related lockdown on IPV and its relationship with various sociodemographic variables and clinical variables. This study was conducted using an online survey portal. A total of 271 subjects responded to structured sociodemographic and clinical proforma, Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CVAS), Arizona sexual experience scale (ASEX), and composite abuse scale (revised short form) (CAS-SF). The CAS-SF scores before and during lockdown were analyzed and were subjected to subgroup analysis across the sociodemographical variables. Correlation measures of age, income, ASEX, and CVAS with scores of CAS-SF before and during lockdown were assessed. CAS-SF scores during lockdown were significantly higher than before lockdown. There were no differences in the CAS-SF scores across gender and sexual orientation. Subjects who lost their jobs during lockdown scored higher on CAS-SF scores. Our study confirms the rise of IPV during the COVID-19–related countrywide lockdown. Limited generalizability, cross-sectional methodology, and recall bias are the major limitations of the study.