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Epigenetic regulation of TGF-β-induced EMT by JMJD3/KDM6B histone H3K27 demethylase
Oncogenesis  (IF7.485),  Pub Date : 2021-02-26, DOI: 10.1038/s41389-021-00307-0
Su-Hyun Lee, Okhwa Kim, Hyo-Jin Kim, Cheol Hwangbo, Jeong-Hyung Lee

Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathways are well-recognized for their role in proliferation and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cancer cells, but much less is understood about their contribution to interactions with other signaling events. Recent studies have indicated that crosstalk between TGF-β and Ras signaling makes a contribution to TGF-β-mediated EMT. Here, we demonstrate that Jumonji domain containing-3 (JMJD3 also called KDM6B) promotes TGF-β-mediated Smad activation and EMT in Ras-activated lung cancer cells. JMJD3 in lung cancer patients was significantly increased and JMJD3 expression in lung tumor tissues was correlated with expression of K-Ras or H-Ras in particular, and its expression was regulated by Ras activity in lung cancer cells. JMJD3 promotes TGF-β-induced Smad activation and EMT in Ras-activated lung cancer cells through the induction of syntenin, a protein that regulates TGF-β receptor activation upon ligand binding. Tissue array and ChIP analysis revealed that JMJD3 epigenetically induces syntenin expression by directly regulating H3K27 methylation levels. Mechanical exploration identified a physical and functional association of JMJD3 with syntenin presiding over the TGF-β in Ras-activated lung cancer cells. Taken together, these findings provide new insight into the mechanisms by which JMJD3 promotes syntenin expression resulting in oncogenic Ras cooperation with TGF-β to promote EMT.