Almaz Tesfay, Daniel Tesfay, James Brannan, Jinqiao Duan

This work is devoted to the study of a stochastic logistic growth model with and without the Allee effect. Such a model describes the evolution of a population under environmental stochastic fluctuations and is in the form of a stochastic differential equation driven by multiplicative Gaussian noise. With the help of the associated Fokker–Planck equation, we analyze the population extinction probability and the probability of reaching a large population size before reaching a small one. We further study the impact of the harvest rate, noise intensity and the Allee effect on population evolution. The analysis and numerical experiments show that if the noise intensity and harvest rate are small, the population grows exponentially, and upon reaching the carrying capacity, the population size fluctuates around it. In the stochastic logistic-harvest model without the Allee effect, when noise intensity becomes small (or goes to zero), the stationary probability density becomes more acute and its maximum point approaches one. However, for large noise intensity and harvest rate, the population size fluctuates wildly and does not grow exponentially to the carrying capacity. So as far as biological meanings are concerned, we must catch at small values of noise intensity and harvest rate. Finally, we discuss the biological implications of our results.