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Application of the SPR Biosensor for the Analysis of Protein–Protein Interactions in Aqueous Environment and Bilayer Lipid Membrane As Exemplified by P450scc (CYP11A1)
Biochemistry (Moscow), Supplement Series A: Membrane and Cell Biology  (IF),  Pub Date : 2021-02-21, DOI: 10.1134/s1990747821010049
P. V. Ershov, L. A. Kaluzhskiy, E. O. Yablokov, O. V. Gnedenko, A. A. Kavaleuski, A. M. Tumilovich, A. A. Gilep, N. V. Strushkevich, A. S. Ivanov

Abstract

Protein–protein interactions (PPIs) are crucial for the successful realization of many metabolic and signaling pathways. Of particular interest are PPIs of membrane proteins, which form stable and/or transient complexes for the signal transduction, ion transport, and electron transfer within electron transfer chains. The Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) allows analyzing the thermodynamic and kinetic parameters (kon and koff) and equilibrium constants (Kd) of PPI, as well as the assessment of the effects of low molecular weight compounds. The aim of the present study was the adaptation of the SPR protocols for PPIs involving mitochondrial cytochrome P450 CYP11A1, mitochondrial cytochrome b5 (CYB5B), and adrenodoxin (Adx). We found that the Adx–CYP11A1 and CYB5B–CYP11A interactions depend on the method of protein immobilization and on the microenvironment. For example, the koff values for complexes Adx–CYP11A1 and CYB5B–CYP11A1 in the aqueous environment were similar (1.5 ± 0.2) × 10–3 s–1, while the values of kon for these complexes differed from each other by almost one order of magnitude ((6.5 ± 0.5) × 104 and (0.30 ± 0.03) × 104 M–1 s–1, respectively). This is in good agreement with the known high affinity of CYP11A1 to its cognate redox partner Adx. In the lipid environment, the rate of complex dissociation was higher than that in the aqueous environment with koff value equal to (9.1 ± 0.3) × 10–3 s–1. For the CYP11A1–CYB5B complex, the parameters of interaction in the lipid phase were not determined due to unspecific binding of the proteins used as analytes to the lipids immobilized on the L1 chip. We show for the first time that SPR method could be used for the detection and quantitative analysis of PPI involving mitochondrial cytochromes (CYP) with their redox partners in both aqueous and lipid environment. Experimental protocols developed and validated in our previous work and in this one can serve as valuable tools for studies of interactions of CYP proteins and could also be applied for other membrane proteins.