Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Quantifying the Extent of Eroding Streambanks in Iowa Journal of the American Water Resources Association (IF3.202), Pub Date : 2021-02-20, DOI: 10.1111/1752-1688.12902 Calvin F. Wolter, Keith E. Schilling, Jason A. Palmer
Streambank erosion is a major source of sediment to rivers and it is important to find locations where severely eroding streambanks are occurring in watersheds. In this study, a new approach to mapping eroding streambanks at a regional scale was conducted using high-resolution Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) elevation data. By calibrating field mapping studies to LiDAR derivative data, the extent of severely eroding streambanks in third- to sixth-order streams and rivers found in Iowa was estimated. Study results suggest that over 35,200 km of streambanks may be severely eroding, or approximately 41% of all third- to sixth-order streambanks. The extent of streambank erosion was not uniform across the state with more erosion occurring in hillier western and southern Iowa compared to flatter and more recently glaciated northern Iowa. Streambank erosion was related to greater bank heights and was more prevalent (as a percent of the total stream length) in larger fifth- and sixth-order rivers. Overall, despite limitations in the study related to the collection and extrapolation of the LiDAR dataset, study results provide new evidence for the magnitude of the streambank erosion problem in Iowa and likely apply to similarly glaciated regions of the United States Midwest.