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Screening prisoners for cognitive impairment – literature review
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour  (IF),  Pub Date : 2020-06-30, DOI: 10.1108/jidob-01-2020-0001
Grazia Catalano, Jonathan Mason, Claire Elise Brolan, Siobhan Loughnan, David Harley

Purpose The authors reviewed studies of validated tools to screen for cognitive impairment among prisoners. The purpose of this paper is to assist organisations in identifying cognitive impairment in correctional facilities. Design/methodology/approach A targeted literature review identified peer-reviewed articles on screening of adults in jails, prisons, police watch-houses, custody suites, rehabilitation facilities and forensic settings or community settings for offenders. Validation of screening tools in secure settings, psychometric properties and cultural discrimination is included in this review. Findings Eight screening tools are considered suitable for use in correctional settings. Two screening tools are recommended for cognitive impairment, one is recommended for adaptive functioning assessment and one is recommended for screening of brain injury. Two screening tools are noted to be subject to piloting and further development for use with First Nations people, and two screening tools for cognitive impairment are noted for positive consideration. Research limitations/implications Recommendations for screening tools are based on review only and evaluation was infeasible. Practical implications Short, reliable measures of cognitive ability for use in correctional facilities are needed. Such tools must be appropriate with respect to their purpose, feasible within the clinical capability of staff and sufficiently cheap to administer to allow widespread use. Originality/value Screening of prisoners for cognitive impairment allows early detection to facilitate rehabilitation and therapy. This research is at the systems level. Therefore, the authors do not purport to provide guidance for individual clinicians.