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Prehistoric Adaptation, Identity, and Interaction Along the Northern Gulf of California
California Archaeology  (IF),  Pub Date : 2020-07-02, DOI: 10.1080/1947461x.2020.1818938
Douglas R. Mitchell, Jonathan B. Mabry, Natalia Martínez Tagüeña, Gary Huckleberry, Richard C. Brusca, M. Steven Shackley

ABSTRACT Archaeological investigations have been conducted along the northern coast of Sonora, Mexico where over 60 prehistoric middens have been identified around Bahía Adair and the town of Puerto Peñasco. The middens include low densities of pottery, chipped and ground stone tools, and some shell tools and ornaments, as well as molluscs, fish bones, crab claws, sea turtle bones, terrestrial animal bones, and charred plant remains. Radiocarbon dates indicate nearly continuous use of the coast from as early as 4,000 BC through late historic times. Pottery types found are associated with the Patayan, Hohokam, Trincheras, and the Ancestral Comcaac cultures. These middens were created by peoples occupying the western Papaguería who interacted extensively with neighboring groups in California, Arizona, and Sonora, Mexico. The Areneños (Sand Papago or Hia ced O’odham) occupied the area in historical times and their subsistence, settlement, and interaction patterns can be used as a model for prehistoric groups.