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Race/ethnicity, citizenship status, and crime examined through trauma experiences among young adults in the United States
Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice  (IF),  Pub Date : 2019-04-03, DOI: 10.1080/15377938.2019.1570413
Christopher Allen Mallett, Miyuki Fukushima Tedor, Linda M. Quinn

Abstract Race/ethnicity, citizenship status, and trauma, have significant impact on delinquency and crime outcomes; though the reasons for some expected and unexpected crime pathways are still unanswered. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (n = 7,103), this study found the following results: no difference in the likelihood of engagement in delinquency and crime between blacks and whites; cumulative trauma increased delinquency and crime rates for all racial and ethnic groups; racial and ethnic minority groups compared to whites reported a significantly higher level of childhood trauma experiences; and native-born female immigrant groups (but not male) were more likely to engage in delinquency and crime than first-generation female immigrant groups. Implications and recommendations are set forth.