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Measuring double consciousness among black law enforcement officers to understand the significant role of race in law enforcement occupational cultures
Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice  (IF),  Pub Date : 2018-01-02, DOI: 10.1080/15377938.2017.1414008
Warren V. Dukes

ABSTRACT The current study correlates Merton's anomie theory and W. E. B. Dubois's double-consciousness theory to measure black law enforcement officers' reactions to occupational strain resulting from officers' ethnic-identification. Measuring levels of anomic behavior provides a scale for identifying levels of risk affecting the well-being of individual officers and organizations. Testing hierarchal regression models with a national sample of black state- and federal-level law enforcement officers (n = 84) reveals a presence of double consciousness as a significant predictor for levels of anomic behavior in law enforcement occupational cultures. It also further suggests that race remains a significant factor in law enforcement organizations and cultures, whereas many police executives would prefer to believe that race issues in policing are settled.