Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Demonstrations, demoralization, and de‐policing Criminology & Public Policy (IF4.333), Pub Date : 2020-03-31, DOI: 10.1111/1745-9133.12492 Christopher J. Marier, Lorie A. Fridell
This study examined relationships between public antipathy toward the police, demoralization, and de‐policing using pooled time‐series cross sections of 18,413 surveys from law enforcement officers in 87 U.S. agencies both before and after Ferguson and contemporaneous demonstrations. The results do not provide strong support for Ferguson Effects. Post‐Ferguson changes to job satisfaction, burnout, and cynicism (reciprocated distrust) were negligible. Although Post‐Ferguson officers issued fewer citations and conducted less foot patrol, effect sizes were minimal in magnitude. Cynicism, which was widespread both before and after Ferguson, was associated with reduced officer activity.