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Two‐year outcomes following naloxone administration by police officers or emergency medical services personnel
Criminology & Public Policy  (IF4.333),  Pub Date : 2020-07-06, DOI: 10.1111/1745-9133.12509
Evan M. Lowder, Spencer G. Lawson, Daniel O'Donnell, Emily Sightes, Bradley R. Ray

We conducted a retrospective, quasi‐experimental study of a police naloxone program to examine individual outcomes following nonfatal overdose where either police (n = 111) or emergency medical services (n = 1,229) provided a first response and administered naloxone. Individuals who received a police response were more likely to be arrested immediately following initial dispatch and had more instances of repeat nonfatal overdose two years following dispatch; there were no differences in rearrest or death rates. Findings suggest police naloxone programs may increase short‐term incarceration risk, but we found little evidence overall of long‐term adverse effects.