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Administrative and Political Perspectives of the EU’s Reform: Focus on Permanent Structured Cooperation
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences  (IF0.742),  Pub Date : 2018-12-31, DOI: 10.24193/tras.si2018.4
Valentin NAUMESCU, Department of International Relations, Faculty of European Studies, ‘Babeș-Bolyai’ University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania valentin.naumescu@ubbcluj.ro

Shortly after the Brexit referendum, it became clear that the EU 27 needs structural reforms. The main discourses on the EU’s reform usually incorporate political and administrative approaches, reflecting ideological and strategic orientations but also public policy options and governance criteria. One of the most important and debated topics in this process is the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) in the field of defense, which was constantly rejected by the UK until June 2016. The aim of this article is to identify, explore and compare the main perspectives with regard to the reform of the European Union, with a focus on PESCO. We take into consideration the views expressed by European political leaders as well as high ranking officials from central administration in the EU Member States but also at NATO level. Based on a qualitative comparative research of the major discourses and projects in the field, this analysis indicates possible directions in which PESCO could advance in the coming years, but also some vulnerabilities, limitations and risks related to European defense and security as a public policy.