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The Effect of Time Spent in Prison and Coping Styles on Psychological Distress in Inmates
The Prison Journal  (IF1.19),  Pub Date : 2020-12-04, DOI: 10.1177/0032885520978475
Riley J. Luke, Michael Daffern, Jason L. Skues, Justin S. Trounson, Jeffrey E. Pfeifer, James R. P. Ogloff

Imprisonment can be an intensely stressful experience, and efforts to limit distress are critical to prevent adverse events such as suicide. This study examined whether time spent in prison predicted psychological distress in young adult and adult prisoners, and whether coping style moderated this relationship. While time spent in prison was not associated with distress, the use of avoidance coping was associated with higher levels of prisoner distress. Seeking social support was associated with lower levels of distress, but only for older adult prisoners. These results can be drawn upon to guide psychological treatments designed to lessen prisoner distress.