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Example:10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Feasibility and Techniques of Securing 3D-Safety Margin in Superselective Transarterial Chemoembolization to Improve Local Tumor Control for Small Hepatocellular Carcinoma: An Intend-to-Treat Analysis
Liver Cancer  (IF11.74),  Pub Date : 2021-01-12, DOI: 10.1159/000512337
Ching Charoenvisal, Toshihiro Tanaka, Hideyuki Nishiofuku, Hiroshi Anai, Takeshi Sato, Takeshi Matsumoto, Nagaaki Marugami, Kimihiko Kichikawa

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the technical success rate of obtaining 3D-safety margin in superselective conventional transarterial chemoembolization (cTACE) using 3D images for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Consecutive 48 HCC nodules (diameter, 1–3 cm) in 44 patients were intentionally treated by superselective cTACE in an attempt to achieve 3D-safety margin. Superselective CT during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) was obtained before cTACE. When negative 3D-safety margin was found, branches supplied into the margin area were detected by using a 3D workstation. The technical success rate to obtain 3D-safety margin was investigated by intend-to-treat analysis. Local tumor recurrence rate and adverse events were also evaluated. Result: Nine of 48 tumors (18.8%) had 3D-safety margin in the initial superselective CTHA. After pulling back of the catheter and/or selection of another branch based on 3D images, 3D-safety margin was finally achieved in 45 (93.8%). There were 8 of 46 tumors (17.4%) with local recurrence after 5-year follow-up. Grade 3–4 of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and total bilirubin were found in 38.6, 36.4, and 2.3%, respectively. One portal vein thrombus and 3 biliary dilation or biloma were developed. Conclusion: Superselective cTACE obtaining 3D-safety margin in small HCC was feasible with a high success rate by using 3D images, which could be tolerable and prevent local tumor recurrence.
Liver Cancer