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Climate Change and Energy in the Arctic – The Role of the European Union
The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law  (IF0.656),  Pub Date : 2018-03-12, DOI: 10.1163/15718085-13320011
Natalie Dobson, Seline Trevisanut

The effects of global warming in the Arctic region present a particular challenge for the European Union ( EU ), which seeks to profile itself as a leader in responding to climate change. Although the EU strives to prioritize climate protection, the Arctic region remains one of the EU ’s major suppliers of energy, particularly oil and gas. The EU must thus strike a balance between climate change mitigation and adaptation, and energy security. The present article analyses the developments of the EU position in this field, particularly in light of the COP 21 negotiations, and the more recent 2016 Integrated European Union Policy for the Arctic. In doing so it seeks to explore to what extent the EU truly is fulfilling its own leadership aspirations in the field of climate change and energy in the Arctic.