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Effects of career barriers on career self-efficacy and career preparation behavior among undergraduates majoring in aviation tourism
Service Business  (IF2.791),  Pub Date : 2019-05-14, DOI: 10.1007/s11628-019-00402-8
Aeeun Jeon

The purpose of this study was to investigate the causal relationships among career barriers, career self-efficacy, and career preparation behavior in South Korea. To conduct this study, four sub-dimensions of career barriers perceived by undergraduates majoring in aviation tourism were identified: lack of physical condition, financial difficulties, decision-making difficulties, and inadequate preparation. The results of this study show that lack of physical condition, decision-making difficulties, and inadequate preparation negatively affected career self-efficacy, whereas financial difficulties did not influence career self-efficacy. Career self-efficacy had a positive effect on career preparation behavior. Inadequate preparation also had a negative effect on career preparation behavior. Career self-efficacy had a mediating effect between career barriers (inadequate preparation) and career preparation behavior. The findings of the study provide academic and practical implications that can contribute to effective career guidance for aviation tourism undergraduates. Finally, this study also addresses limitations and makes suggestions for future studies.