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Context effect and confirmation bias in criminal fact finding
Legal and Criminological Psychology  (IF2.743),  Pub Date : 2020-04-17, DOI: 10.1111/lcrp.12172
Eric Rassin

Fact finding is an important part of the job of criminal trial judges and juries. In the literature, several potential pitfalls hindering fact finding have been identified, such as context effects (i.e. an unintended effect of non‐probative information on conviction) and confirmation bias (i.e. a skewed selection of and overreliance on guilt‐confirming evidence and neglect of exonerating information). In the present study, the effect of irrelevant contextual information on conviction and subsequent confirmation bias was tested.