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Increase in CO2 reduction rate via optical near-field effect
Journal of Nanophotonics  (IF1.494),  Pub Date : 2020-11-27, DOI: 10.1117/1.jnp.14.046011
Takashi Yatsui, Yuki Nakamura, Yosuke Suzuki, Tatsuki Morimoto, Yuma Kato, Muneaki Yamamoto, Tomoko Yoshida, Wataru Kurashige, Nobuyuki Shimizu, Yuichi Negishi, Kenji Iida, Katsuyuki Nobusada

Abstract. To reduce the effects of global warming, visible and near-infrared light must be used more efficiently. Deep ultraviolet light (8 eV) is required for the direct dissociation of CO2 by light; however, the introduction of a metal complex has made it possible to realize CO2 reduction with visible light. We demonstrate that the optical near field (ONF) can increase the CO2 reduction rate. For this, we used gold clusters, because they can be a suitable source for ONFs, as their size and density can be controlled by the number of gold atoms. By attaching a metal complex near gold clusters with diameters of 1.0 to 1.3 nm, we confirm that the reduction rate of CO2 to CO increased by 1.5 to 2.1 times. The gold clusters were sufficiently small; therefore, there was no plasmonic resonant peak or heat generation. Because the near-field effect is based on a photochemical reaction, it can be applied to other metal complexes used in CO2 reduction, and it has other applications such as water splitting and water purification.