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Identifying groundwater end members by spatio-temporal isotopic and hydrogeochemical records
Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies  (IF1.675),  Pub Date : 2020-09-15, DOI: 10.1080/10256016.2020.1817915
Juan Pérez-Quezadas, Alejandra Cortés-Silva, Eric Morales-Casique, Oscar Arnoldo Escolero-Fuentes, Priscila Medina-Ortega

ABSTRACT Intensive groundwater use has altered the local hydrological cycle within the Bajío Guanajuatense, Mexico. To improve the knowledge of this hydrogeological system and support water management in the area, groundwater end members were identified using multivariate statistical analysis. Pumped groundwater is composed of two well-mixed end members: (a) recent recharge, affected by a reuse cycle through irrigation where nitrate and chloride evolve and reach levels of 368 mg/L and greater than 100 mg/L, respectively, and (b) deep old groundwater. Mixing estimations show that most wells extract at least 70% of deep groundwater, and some of them extract more than 94%, posing a development and groundwater sustainability conundrum in the area.