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Beliefs of Children and Adults in Religious and Scientific Phenomena
Current Opinion in Psychology  (IF5.717),  Pub Date : 2021-08-01, DOI: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2020.08.003
Paul L Harris, Kathleen H Corriveau

Within the domains of both science and religion, beliefs in unobservable phenomena - such as bacteria or the soul - are common. Yet given the radically different trajectory of scientific as compared to religious beliefs across human history, it is plausible that the psychological basis for beliefs in these two domains is also different. Indeed, there is evidence from children and adults in various cultures that people have greater confidence in their scientific beliefs than in their religious beliefs. However, when individuals are invited to indicate the basis for their beliefs within each domain, a surprisingly similar pattern of justification is apparent.