Example：10.1021/acsami.1c06204 or Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 2411-2502
Can you see frailty? An exploratory study of the use of a patient photograph in the transcatheter aortic valve implantation programme European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing (IF3.908), Pub Date : 2020-09-03, DOI: 10.1177/1474515120953739 Sandra B Lauck, Leslie Achtem, Britt Borregaard, Jennifer Baumbusch, Jonathan Afilalo, David A Wood, Jacqueline Forman, Anson Cheung, Jian Ye, John G Webb
Frailty is an important consideration in the assessment of transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients. The documentation of a patient photograph to augment the objective measurement of frailty has been adopted by some transcatheter aortic valve implantation multidisciplinary (TAVI) programmes. METHODS
We used a prospective two-part multimethod study design. In part A, we examined the concordance between the Essential Frailty Toolset (EFT) and the score attributed by healthcare professionals based on visual rating of photographs using kappa estimates and linear regression. In part B, we conducted a content analysis qualitative study to elicit information about how the TAVI multidisciplinary team used photographs to form impressions about frailty. FINDINGS
Part A: 94 healthcare professionals (registered nurses/allied health 65%; physicians 35%) rated 40 representative photographs (women 42.5%; mean age 83.4±7.5; mobility aid 40%) between 0 (robust) and 5 (very frail). The estimate of weighted kappa was 0.2575 (95% confidence interval 0.082-0.433), indicating fair agreement between median healthcare professional visual and EFT score, especially when the EFT was 1 or 4. There was significant discordance among raters (kappa estimate 0.110, 95% confidence interval 0.079-0.141). Age, sex and mobility aid did not have a significant effect on score discordance. Part B: 12 members of the TAVI multidisciplinary team (registered nurses 27.5%; physicians 72.5%) were shown a series of six representative patient photographs. The following themes emerged from the data: (a) looking at the outside; (b) thinking about the inside; (c) use but with caution; and (d) a better approach. CONCLUSION
A patient photograph offers complementary information to the multimodality assessment of TAVI patients.