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Assessment of runoff using 7Be in vineyards in the central valley of Chile
Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies  (IF1.675),  Pub Date : 2020-08-13, DOI: 10.1080/10256016.2020.1803856
Ximena Videla, Daniel Villegas, Ana María Parada, Adriana Nario

ABSTRACT In Chile, erosion processes (on-site and off-site impact) affect at least 36.9 million ha–1, representing 49% of the total land area. Different regions show severe soil degradation mainly caused by water erosion processes. The importance of sediment-associated transport and the key role of soil erosion affect the fertility of the land and the contamination of water bodies. The aim of this work was to estimate the erosion rate, caused by the rainfall in Apalta vineyards in the Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins Region of Chile using isotope techniques, assessing the 7Be runoff during four years (2009–2012). The 7Be distribution mass depth at a reference site ranged from 7 to 24 kg m–2 in the first two centimetres soil layer. Even when the vineyards have been well managed, the topographic characteristics and the climatic conditions facilitated soil erosion, with average rates of 50.4, 23.5, 50.6 and 67.3 tons ha–1 y–1 in 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012, respectively. The robustness of the 7Be technique demonstrated the advantage of a non-soil-destructive methodology to calculate soil distribution and erosion rates.