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A facile green synthesis of MgCoFe2O4 nanomaterials with robust catalytic performance in the synthesis of pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidinedione and their bis-derivatives.
Molecular Diversity  (IF3.364),  Pub Date : 2020-07-27, DOI: 10.1007/s11030-020-10111-4
Monireh Atarod,Javad Safari,Maryam Tavakolizadeh,Ali Pourjavadi


In this study, an efficient, rapid and simple plant-mediated green sol–gel auto-combustion procedure was presented to synthesis magnesium–cobalt ferrite (MgCoFe2O4) nanocatalyst using an aqueous extract of apple skins as a chelating/combustion agent. The catalyst was assessed by multiple techniques, including FT-IR, XRD, FE-SEM, EDS, elemental mapping, TGA-DTA and VSM. Then, the catalytic potential of the as-prepared MgCoFe2O4 nanocatalyst was examined in the three-component condensation reaction of 1,3-dimethyl barbituric acid, aldehydes and malononitrile for the one-pot synthesis of pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidinedione and their bis-derivatives. The obtained results indicated the excellent catalytic activity of the MgCoFe2O4 in the three-component reaction. The high catalytic activity of these nanomaterials could be attributed to the synergistic electronic effect between nanoparticles, which showcased the enormous potential of multi-metallic nanomaterials in the catalysis field. More importantly, MgCoFe2O4 showed excellent magnetic properties, and it could be successfully separated and recovered by applying an external magnetic for further reuses. To the best of our knowledge, green synthesis of MgCoFe2O4 mediated by aqueous plant extract was reported here for the first time, and this work, therefore, can open up a new insight in the course of design, green synthesis and application of excellent green nanocatalyst for the sustainable processes.

Graphic abstract

MgCoFe2O4 as a magnetically recyclable heterogeneous catalyst, has been synthesized through plant-mediated procedure using an aqueous extract of apple skins.