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Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage repair: the effect of anatomical type and pulmonary vein stenosis on outcomes
The Cardiothoracic Surgeon  (IF),  Pub Date : 2020-02-18, DOI: 10.1186/s43057-020-0016-6
Osman O. Al-Radi, Ahmed Elmahrouk, Mohamed Ismail, Abdelmonem Helal, Tamer Hamouda

Surgical repair of total anomalous venous drainage (TAPVD) is lifesaving. The operative mortality is reported between 4 and 35%. Anatomical type, obstructed presentation, associated single ventricle, and heterotaxy syndromes are thought to influence short- and long-term outcomes. The effect of simple versus sutureless repair for primary surgery is unclear. This study reports the outcomes of the surgical repair and the effect of these variables in a contemporary setting. Between 2011 and 2019, all patients undergoing surgical repair for TAPVD were included. Operative mortality, length of hospital stay, and long-term survival were reported. The effect of anatomical type, surgical technique, obstruction, and associated lesions was assessed. Pearson’s test, Wilcoxson’s test, and generalized linear regression with Poisson distribution were used. Forty-nine patients from two centers underwent TAPVD repair. The operative mortality was 4%. Postoperative pulmonary vein stenosis occurred in three patients, and reoperation was done in one patient. Survival free from reoperation was 98%, 98%, and 90% at 1, 24, and 60 months in the absence of pulmonary vein stenosis. However, all three patients who developed pulmonary vein stenosis died, at 0.5, 2.7, and 6.3 months of follow-up, respectively. We were unable to detect a significant effect of anatomical type, preoperative obstruction, associated single ventricle, or heterodoxy syndrome on operative mortality or long-term freedom from death or reoperation. Patients who presented with obstruction and infracardiac or supracardiac TAPVD had longer hospital stay. TAPVD repair outcomes are excellent except for patients who develop postoperative pulmonary venous stenosis. Anatomical type, obstructed presentation, associated single ventricle, or heterotaxy are not significant predictors of survival.