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The Participation of Endocannabinoid Receptors in the Regulation of Spontaneous Synaptic Activity at Neuromuscular Junctions of Mice
Biochemistry (Moscow), Supplement Series A: Membrane and Cell Biology  (IF),  Pub Date : 2020-01-01, DOI: 10.1134/s1990747819060059
A. E. Gaydukov, I. Z. Dzhalagoniya, E. O. Tarasova, O. P. Balezina

Abstract The mechanisms underlying changes in spontaneous release of acetylcholine (ACh) induced by exogenous agonists and antagonists of endocannabinoid receptors were investigated by recording miniature endplate potentials (MEPPs) in motor synapses of mouse diaphragm preparations with intracellular microelectrodes. There have not been observed any statistically significant changes either in the membrane potential of muscle fibers or in the frequency, amplitude, and time parameters of the MEPPs under the action of AM-251 (1 μM), antagonist/inverse agonist of CB1 receptors, for 60 min. Activation of CB receptors by their exogenous agonist WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) (20 μM) for 1 h did not cause statistically significant changes in the amplitude of the MEPPs. However, MEPP frequency increased by more than 50% as compared to the control under the action of WIN for 30–60 min. Blocking of CB1 receptors by AM-251 (1 μM) prevented the WIN-induced increase in MEPP frequency. A protein kinase A inhibitor H-89 (1 μM) did not prevent the enhancement of the ACh secretion upon activation of CB receptors by WIN. WIN lost the ability to increase MEPP frequency in the presence of a phospholipase C inhibitor U73122 (5 μM), which did not affect by itself the amplitude and temporal characteristics or MEPP frequency. A protein kinase C inhibitor, chelerythrin (4 μM) or ryanodine, which blocks the ryanodine receptors (RyRs) at a concentration of 5 μM, also prevented the WIN-induced increase in MEPP frequency. Thus, a signaling cascade triggered by stimulation of presynaptic CB1 receptors with subsequent activation of phospholipase C, protein kinase C, and the release of stored calcium, leading to an increase in the frequency of spontaneous quantal release of ACh, has been detected for the first time in mouse motor synapses. This suggests the presence of CB1 receptors on the presynaptic membrane in mouse motor nerve terminals and the possibility of activation of these receptors by endocannabinoids for potentiating the spontaneous secretion of ACh.