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Effect of gadolinium on the dielectric and pyroelectric behavior of Ba(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 ceramics
Ferroelectrics Letters Section  (IF0.96),  Pub Date : 2019-12-03, DOI: 10.1080/07315171.2019.1668684
Raghavendra Sagar, R. L. Raibagkar

Abstract The microstructure, dielectric and pyroelectric properties of pure and Gd3+- doped barium zirconium titanate in the form of Ba(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 and (Ba1-xGdx)(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (x = 0.1 and 0.2) were studied in this work. These ceramics were synthesized from solid state reaction method at 1050 °C. The patterns obtained from x-ray diffraction revealed the formation of perovskite phase with tetragonal crystal symmetry. As the concentration of Gd-ion increased, the value of temperature dependent dielectric constant varied whereas the Curie temperature of the ceramics shifted towards higher temperature side. The ceramic sample doped with Gd = 0.1 exhibited diffuse phase transition whereas other one showed relaxor like behavior. This result is attributed to unsystematic decrease in average grain size due to doping of Gd-ions. The temperature dependent pyroelectric current was negative at ∼150 °C for pure ceramics and at ∼200 °C for Gd-doped ceramics. This negative pyroelectric current represents the primary pyroelectric effect within that temperature.