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Terahertz sources based on stimulated polariton scattering
Progress in Quantum Electronics  (IF12.25),  Pub Date : 2020-05-01, DOI: 10.1016/j.pquantelec.2020.100254
Andrew J. Lee, David J. Spence, Helen M. Pask

Abstract In this paper we review the field of terahertz (THz) sources which make use of the nonlinear, stimulated polariton scattering (SPS) process. A historical perspective of the technology is offered, in addition to an investigation of modern SPS-based THz sources. Breakthroughs in these source technologies have coincided with rapid developments in laser technology over the past 10 years. We are now in an age where pulsed SPS-THz sources are generating peak powers in excess of 50 ​kW, and continuous wave SPS-THz sources can be produced using diode pump powers as low as 2.3 ​W. The versatility of this approach to THz generation has enabled the generation of coherent THz radiation across continuous wave (CW), nanosecond-, and picosecond-pulsed modalities, with sources spanning the frequency range 0.5–13 ​THz. Being based on robust and well-developed, crystalline solid-state laser technology, these sources hold great promise as an enabling technology for a plethora of THz applications.