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Dyadic Adjustment in HPV-Infected Women One Year After Diagnosis.
Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes  (IF2.458),  Pub Date : 2019-05-24, DOI: 10.1080/00332747.2019.1608782
B D Santos,E C Carvalho,M G Pereira

Objective: This study examined the contribution of age, type of human papillomavirus (HPV), attachment, sexual satisfaction, and spirituality in dyadic adjustment in women with HPV from diagnosis to one year later. Method: This is a longitudinal study with three assessment moments: (T1) at the diagnosis appointment, (T2) six months after, and (T3) 12 months after the diagnosis. Participants answered a sociodemographic questionnaire as well as several other measures: HPV Knowledge Questionnaire (HPVQ), Papanicolaou Exam Knowledge Questionnaire (PEK-Q), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Courtauld Emotional Control Scale (CECS), Index of Sexual Satisfaction (ISS), Experiences in Close Relationship Scale-Short Form (ECR-S), Spiritual and Religious Attitudes in Dealing With Illness (SpREUK), and the Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (RDAS). Results: Age showed a positive impact on sexual dissatisfaction at T2. Sexual dissatisfaction at T1 predicted sexual dissatisfaction at T2 and dyadic adjustment at T3. Spirituality and insecure attachment at T1 negatively predicted insecure attachment at T2, and the latter predicted dyadic adjustment at T3. Conclusions: The results corroborate the need to assess the dyad when women are diagnosed with HPV. Only then it will be possible to design differentiated intervention programs that take into consideration women's age, attachment style, and sexual satisfaction. Interventions should also include women's partners to promote dyadic adjustment in this population.