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Irreversible Electroporation: A Novel Ultrasound-guided Modality for Non-thermal Tumor Ablation.
Journal of medical ultrasound  (IF),  Pub Date : 2018-08-02, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmu.2017.08.003
Chih-Yang Hsiao,Kai-Wen Huang

Ultrasound-guided tumor ablation techniques have been proven to be highly effective and minimally invasive in the treatment of many diseases. Traditional approaches to ablation include microwave and radiofrequency techniques, cryotherapy, and high-intensity focused ultrasound. However, these methods are prone to heat-sink effects that can diminish the effectiveness of treatment and damage adjacent structures, such as bile ducts, blood vessels, the gallbladder, or bowel. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a non-thermal ablation modality that induces cell apoptosis through the application of high-voltage current. IRE is not limited by many of the limitation which affects conventional tumor ablation techniques, and is particularly useful in treating sensitive areas of the body. The article reviews the basics of ultrasound-guided technology, including its clinical applications and effectiveness in the treatment of tumors.