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Homeostatic plasticity in neural development.
Neural Development  (IF3.842),  Pub Date : 2018-06-01, DOI: 10.1186/s13064-018-0105-x
Nai-Wen Tien,Daniel Kerschensteiner

Throughout life, neural circuits change their connectivity, especially during development, when neurons frequently extend and retract dendrites and axons, and form and eliminate synapses. In spite of their changing connectivity, neural circuits maintain relatively constant activity levels. Neural circuits achieve functional stability by homeostatic plasticity, which equipoises intrinsic excitability and synaptic strength, balances network excitation and inhibition, and coordinates changes in circuit connectivity. Here, we review how diverse mechanisms of homeostatic plasticity stabilize activity in developing neural circuits.